Why do I need a music licence?
Music is subject to copyright law
All music is subject to copyright, which means it's somebody's property and you can't use it without their permission.
Who owns the music?
The owner can be the Artist, Writer, Composer, Record Company, Publisher or any combination of these.
The owner's permission comes in the form of a 'licence' or 'clearance' which details the exact piece of music you're using, its duration, the number of times it will be used and where it will be heard. For example as part of a TV programme, advert, cd or dvd or live performance. The licence also covers the 'mechanical copyright' which allows you to make copies of the music.
In return for the owner's permission, you pay a fee.